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Indeterminate accountability is commonly incorrectly known as, or regarded as connected with, the brand new floodgates dispute

By jm k

Indeterminate accountability is commonly incorrectly known as, or regarded as connected with, the brand new floodgates dispute

(151) Brand new Southern Wales Law Reform Commission, Sum ranging from Persons Liable for an identical Wreck, Declaration No 89 (1999) [2.3].

Brand new restriction toward indeterminate responsibility provides, even as we will see, a completely different objective; particularly, ensuring that the new debts was discoverable beforehand: discover Johnson Ceramic tiles Pty Ltd v Esso Australia Pty Ltd Aust Torts Reports [paragraph] 81-692, 63 676 (Gillard J)

(152) It certainly is of great benefit to an excellent plaintiff to help you sue a therefore-called ‘common rules defendant’ rather than an excellent defendant whose accountability is bound of the law.

So it conflict try thus geared towards protecting the effective management out of justice

(153) Civil law (Wrongs) Act 2002 (ACT) s 18; Legislation Reform (Miscellaneous Terms) Operate 1946 (NSW) s 5; Law Change (Various Terms) Operate 1956 (NT) ss several-13; Legislation Change Operate 1995 (Qld) ss 6-7; Laws Reform (Contributory Negligence and you can Apportionment of Liability) Act 2001 (SA) ss six-7; Wrongs Act 1954 (Tas) s 3; Wrongs Operate 1958 (Vic) ss 23B, 24; Laws Change (Contributory Negligence and you can Tortfeasors ‘Contribution) Work 1947 (WA) s eight.

(154) Caltex Oil (Australia) Pty Ltd v The Dredge ‘Willemstad’ (1976) 136 CLR 529, 555 (Gibbs J), 593 (Mason J); San Sebastian Pty Ltd v Minister Administering the Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979 (1986) 162 CLR 340, 353-4 (Gibbs CJ, Mason, Wilson and Dawson JJ); Bryan v Maloney (1995) 182 CLR 609, 618-19 (Mason CJ, Deane and Gaudron JJ); Esanda Finance Corporation Ltd v Peat Marwick Hungerfords (1997) 188 CLR 241, 272 (McHugh J), 302 (Gummow J); Perre v Apand Pty Ltd (1999) 198 CLR 180, 195 (Gleeson CJ), 199-200 (Gaudron J), 219-23, 233-5 (McHugh J), 289 (Kirby J), 303-5 (Hayne J), 324, 326 (Callinan J); Agar v Hyde (2000) 201 CLR 552, 563-4 (Gleeson CJ); Sullivan v Moody (2001) 207 CLR 562, 582 (Gleeson CJ, Gaudron, McHugh, Hayne and Callinan JJ); Woolcock Street Investments Pty Ltd v CDG Pty Ltd (2004) 205 ALR 522, 528-9 (Gleeson C J, Gummow, Hayne and Heydon JJ), 534-5, 543 (McHugh J), 562, 565, 566 (Kirby J). The validity of the floodgates argument has generally been treated with great scepticism: see Australian Conservation Foundation IncvCommonwealth (1980) 146 CLR 493, 557-8 (Murphy J); Boland v Yates Property Corporation Pry Ltd (1999) 167 ALR 575, 614 (Kirby J); Bowen v Paramount Builders (Hamilton) Ltd 1 NZLR 394, 422 (Cooke J); Van Soest v Residual Health Management Unit 1 NZLR 179, 202-4 (Thomas J); Spartan Steel Alloys Ltd v Martin Co (Contractors) Ltd QB 27, 38 (Lord Denning MR); McLoughlin v O’Brian 1 AC 410, 425 (Lord Edmund-Davies), 441-2 (Lord Bridge); Tame v New South Wales (2002) 211 CLR 317, 399-400 (Hayne J); Hancock v Nominal Defendant 1 Qd R 578, 603 (Davies JA). The live escort reviews Salem floodgates argument is sometimes employed by the courts to deny relief where a ‘flood’ of litigants is apprehended if relief were granted: see, eg, Chester v Council of the Municipality of Waverley (1939) 62 CLR 1, 7-8 (Latham CJ), 11 (Rich J); Van Soest v Residual Health Management Unit 1 NZLR 179, 198-9 (Gault, Henry, Keith and Blanchard JJ); Page v Smith 1 AC 155, 197 (Lord Lloyd); White v Chief Constable of the South Yorkshire Police 2 AC 455, 493-4 (Lord Steyn), 503 (Lord Hoffmann); Law Commission for England and Wales, Liability for Psychiatric Illness, Report No 249 (1998) [6.6] fn 9 < It plays on the fear that if the net of liability is cast too widely, the courts will be overwhelmed by a proliferation of claims and become congested, thereby diminishing their ability to dispense justice.

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